5 Differences between UK and US English – Part 1

5 Differences between UK and US English

PART 1

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Looks like the USA and England won’t be matching up in the World Cup this time around.

Let’s take a look instead, at some of the linguistic differences between these “two countries separated by a common language.”

Spelling – While there are many differences between spellings in the two countries, many of which will be discussed in future segments of this blog series, some of the most frequently occurring spelling differences are as follows:

UK Version US Version
“-ise” as in finalise, organise, and realise “-ize” as in finalize, organize and realize
honour, colour honor, color
centre, theatre center, theater

But Americans also use advertise, compromise and exercise, so there is no “hard and fast” rule for any of these versions.

Punctuation –  In addition to date configurations and punctuation position when next to quotation marks, abbreviations in the UK do not require a period/full stop if they begin and end with the first and last letters of the full word.

UK Version US Version
Dr/Mr, but Prof. Dr./Mr./Prof.
“words in quotes”. “words in quotes.”
25/12/2017 and 25 December 2017 12/25/2017 and December 25, 2017

Phrases – If you watch enough British TV (or “American telly” if you are from the UK), you will begin to notice and understand the differences between common phrases in the US and the UK.  Here are some examples:

UK Version  US Version
in respect of… with respect to…
What am I meant to do now? What am I supposed to do now?
ABC, Ltd. do not test on animals. ABC Ltd. does not test on animals.

Terminology – From food items to car parts, these differences can be a lot of fun. Car parts have many strange names in both languages—”boot/trunk,” “hood/bonnet,” etc.

UK Version  US Version
biscuit, crisps, chips cookies, chips, french fries
car boot sale flea market
full stop period (the punctuation)

 “Crisps” are “chips” in the US, and “biscuits” in the US are cookies while “biscuits” in the US are a savory, flaky bread product, yet Americans call “fish and chips” “fish and chips.” Again, there are no rigid rules–but with time and experience, you can learn the idiosyncratic word uses that distinguish these two dialects.

Legalese (with a funny accent) The language of the law differs quite a bit between the two countries.  As with all legal writing, it is very important to use the correct wording when translating into either version of the language.  For instance, in general, the UK has two major types of lawyers: “barristers” and “solicitors,” with differences in where and how they may practice.  In the US, there is just one basic type of lawyer, and the terms “lawyer” and “attorney” are used interchangeably to describe these professionals.  The different types of lawyers in each country, including specializations, will be discussed in a future segment, so stay tuned.  For now, one word: “wigs.”  Following are some examples of other areas in which legal language differs between the UK and US versions.

UK Version  US Version
[deleted] [redacted]
satisfactory quality merchantable quality
estate agent realtor, real estate agent

Bear in mind that there are exceptions within all of these areas.  As we all know, languages are constantly evolving, sometimes even advancing and regressing in their so-called “rules.”  Check out the evolution of “myriad” vs. “a myriad of.” 

Globalization is a simple reality of the time in which we are living, so the more a translator familiarizes him or herself with the differences between UK and US English, the more they can understand where these dialects are and are not different, and the more they learn and deliver their clients’ preferences, the more successful that translator will be.

Although English is generally considered a single language, a translator can become a better business person and demonstrate their polish and worldliness if they are able to seamlessly switch back and forth between these two “dialects” –and their clients will appreciate it.

Check back soon for more discussions of the differences between UK and US English, including the differences in types of lawyers and the courts as well as the answer to the question: “What about Canada and Australia?”

 ©Dygert, LLC 2017

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